The unlawful destruction and appropriation of civilian property and the forcible displacement and transfer of civilian population are considered serious war crimes and/or crimes against humanity under international law. This chapter outlines the legal framework of investigating these two types of crime in the Syrian context, discussing various relevant legal questions. Examining these two crimes together is intended to show that there may be a policy of sectarian cleansing being carried out in certain parts of the country.
Contents of this Chapter:
- Destruction and appropriation of property
- Deportation and population transfer
- Individual and superior responsibility
- International and non-international conflicts
- Legal avenues